Today he is a tradition. Yesterday, he was a person who became a legend. A monk and scholar with a vocation so strong to become a hermit that he left his monastery in the Apennines to contemplate the sky and gain knowledge.
As each new year approached, he communicated his weather predictions to his friend and disciple, Silvano, who in turn spread the information. The philosophical astronomer would measure the sky, observe and read the stars and from this he would deduce the year's rhythm and extract practical information. And so, punctually each year, he created a calendar.
This is how the Barbanera Calendar came about.
It is a short step from fame to tradition. In Foligno, Umbria, the Barbanera tradition became a part of the fortunate printing shop owned by Giovanni Numeister di Magonza (who, together with Emiliano Orfini, was a student of Gutenberg) which, in 1472, printed the very first edition of Dante's Divine Comedy.
Barbanera's message was first printed, on a single sheet of paper, in 1761. It was the result of his studies, observations and measurements and was the first almanac for the year 1762. Adorned with sun and moon, lunar phases, weather forecasts, eclipses and cultivation times, the Barbanera, already synonymous with "almanac", thus became part of history.